Plasma medicine: Prospects and experience of application of low-temperature argon plasma in medical rehabilitation

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Plasma medicine is a dynamically developing field of science based on the physical and chemical properties of air-plasma flows.

Low-temperature plasma is a partially ionized gas with a temperature of about 40ºC, the synergistic interaction of its active substances is a successful method of sterilization, decontamination of wound surfaces, treatment of surgical and burn wounds. Due to the combined action, over the past decades, low-temperature plasma has proven itself in purulent surgery, dermatology, and dentistry, but in addition, it has opened up great prospects in oncology. Possessing the effects of inhibiting inflammatory processes, stimulating regeneration processes, improving microcirculation and tissue metabolism, plasma flows are also used in medical rehabilitation.

The review considers the possibilities of using low-temperature plasma in various fields of medicine, as well as the effect of plasma flows on basic cellular processes and various forms of cell death. The experience of using low-temperature argon plasma in the complex rehabilitation of patients with malignant neoplasms is presented.

Literature sources from Russian and foreign databases (Elibrary, PubMed) on the topic of low-temperature plasma application in medical practice were analyzed. The analysis showed that plasma medicine is a rapidly developing modern direction, opening up new opportunities in healthcare.

Further studies of plasma streams are needed to unlock their full therapeutic potential and fully understand the mechanisms of action.

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About the authors

Valeriia O. Kozyreva

Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1103-704X
SPIN-code: 6936-0576

Graduate Student

Russian Federation, Moscow


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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
1. Fig. 1. Patient diagnosed with breast cancer on the 2nd day after surgery.

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2. Fig. 2. Patient with a radiation reaction of the skin on the background of external beam radiation therapy.

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