General magnetic therapy and electrostatic field after radical surgical treatment of breast cancer at the 1st stage of medical rehabilitation

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Various methods of physical therapy have been proposed for the rehabilitation of patients with breast cancer. However, a staged approach to prescribing physiotherapeutic factors in the early period after surgical treatment of breast cancer has not been developed enough.

AIMS: to develop a staged approach to the appointment of physiotherapeutic factors at different times after surgical treatment of breast cancer.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Examination and treatment of 64 patients aged 30 to 70 years after surgical treatment for breast cancer were carried out. All patients underwent medical rehabilitation: individual exercise therapy, balanstherapy, sessions with a medical psychologist, course exposure to an alternating low-frequency electrostatic field and general magnetotherapy. The main group consisted of 33 patients who underwent a 2-stage course of medical rehabilitation: the 1st course on days 2–4 after the operation and the 2nd course after 1–1.5 months against the background of adjuvant radiation therapy. The control group — 31 women, underwent physiotherapy placebo procedures.

RESULTS: I was found that two-stage physical rehabilitation improves the quality of life, reduces swelling, increases the range of motion, decreases pain, decreases the number of postoperative complications, and shortens the duration of lymphorrhea.

CONCLUSION: The inclusion of exposure to an alternating low-frequency electrostatic field and general magnetotherapy in the early stages (2–4 days) and 1–1.5 months after surgical treatment has broad functionality and allows you to obtain a pronounced functional and stable clinical result.

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About the authors

Inna S. Evstigneeva

Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education

Author for correspondence.
Email: evstigneevais@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9128-0965
SPIN-code: 5163-7726

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med.), Association Professor Yu.N. Kasatkina
Russian Federation, Moscow

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
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1. Fig. 1. Procedure for alternating electrostatic field.

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2. Fig. 2. Reducing the daily volume of lymphorrhea in patients in the early postoperative period.Note. *Significant differences (p <0.05) between the indicators of the main and control groups.

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3. Fig. 3. Difference in circumference between healthy and affected limb (M±SD, cm): a — 5 cm above the elbow joint; b — at the level of the middle third of the shoulder; c — at the level of the middle of the brush.Note. * Significant differences (p <0.05) between the indicators of the main and control groups.

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4. Fig. 4. Range of motion in the shoulder joint on the side of surgery.

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5. Fig. 5. Indicators of fibrinogen level, g/l.

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6. Fig. 6. Indicators of the level of thrombin time, sec.

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Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ № 77 - 9245 от 22.06.2001 г. выдано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор). 
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80650 от 15.03.2021 г. выдано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).


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